Modifications to HOPE for Homeowners include:
- Increasing the loan to value ratio (LTV) to 96.5 percent for some H4H loans;
- Immediate payments to subordinate lien holders in exchange for lien releases; and
- Allowing lenders to extend mortgage terms from 30 to 40 years.
HOPE for Homeowners will continue to only offer affordable, government-insured fixed rate mortgages. Further, this program will maintain FHA's long-standing requirement that new loans be based on a family's long-term ability to repay the mortgage. Only owner-occupants are eligible for FHA-insured mortgages.
Consistent with statutory and regulatory requirements, borrowers must continue to meet the following criteria:
- Their mortgage must have originated on or before January 1, 2008.
- They cannot afford their current loan.
- They must have made a minimum of six full payments on their existing first mortgage and did not intentionally miss mortgage payments.
- The loan amount may not exceed a maximum of $550,440.
- The Upfront Mortgage Insurance Premium is 3 percent and the Annual Mortgage Insurance Premium is 1.5 percent.
- The holders of existing mortgage liens must waive all prepayment penalties and late payment fees.
- They do not own a second home.
- They did not knowingly or willfully provide false information to obtain the existing mortgage, and they have not been convicted of fraud in the last 10 years.
- They must follow FHA's long-standing and strict policy of fully documented income and employment.
Update as of: 11/15/2008
The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development issued its long-anticipated revised and finalized RESPA rules. Copies of the final rule, and new GFE and Settlement Statement forms, are attached.
HUD will require the new standardized GFE (Good Faith Estimate) and HUD-1 beginning January 1, 2010.
HUD reports that it received approximately 12,000 comment letters following the proposal of its new RESPA rule. In considering those comments, HUD said that it made considerable modifications to its proposal. For example, HUD originally proposed that settlement agents read a closing script at the closing table and that a copy be provided to borrowers. HUD ultimately discarded the script in favor of a new page on the HUD-1 Settlement Statement that allows consumers to easily compare their final loan terms and closing costs with those listed on their GFE.
Most industry commenters said HUD's proposed four-page GFE was too long. HUD shortened the GFE form to three pages including an instructional page to help borrowers understand their loan offer. HUD said that it continues to believe that consumers need to be aware of the key aspects of their loan as well as associated settlement costs.
HUD agreed with many commenters who suggested the new GFE allow consumers to compare their estimated closing costs with the actual costs included on their HUD-1 Settlement Statement. To facilitate comparison between the HUD-1 and the GFE, each designated line on the final HUD-1 will now include a reference to the relevant line from the GFE. Borrowers will now be able to easily compare their estimated and actual costs in very much the same manner as many of the commenters suggested.
HUD estimates its new regulation will save consumers nearly $700 at the closing table.
The following is HUD's summary of the final rule and related new forms:
Fact Sheet on HUD's final RESPA Rule
For the first
time ever, HUD will require mortgage lenders and brokers to
provide borrowers with an easy-to-read standard
Estimate (GFE) that will clearly answer
the key questions they have when applying for a mortgage
- What's the term of the loan?
- Is the interest rate fixed or can it change?
- Is there a pre-payment penalty should the borrower choose to refinance at a later date?
- Is there a balloon payment?
- What are total closing costs?
- HUD estimates that by improving upfront disclosures on the GFE, and limiting the amount estimated charges can change, consumers will save nearly $700 in total closing costs.
- Based on substantial public comment, HUD withdrew a proposed requirement that closing agents read and provide a ‘closing script.' Instead, to borrowers in favor of a new page on the HUD-1 Settlement Statement that allows consumers to easily compare their final closing costs and loan terms with those listed on the GFE.
- HUD's new Good Faith Estimate has been reduced from four to three pages, including an instructional page to help borrowers better understand their loan offer. In addition, the GFE will consolidate closing costs into major categories to prevent junk fees and display total estimated settlement charges prominently on the first page so the consumer can easily compare loan offers. HUD will specify the closing costs that can and cannot change at settlement. If a fee changes, HUD will limit the amount it can change.
- To help borrowers compare their Good Faith Estimate with their HUD-1 Settlement Statement, each designated line on the final HUD-1 will now include a reference to the relevant line from the GFE. Borrowers will now be able to easily compare their estimated and actual costs in the same manner many commenters suggested.
- HUD will require lender payments to mortgage brokers (often called Yield Spread Premiums) to be disclosed in a more meaningful way. These payments are directly dependent on the interest rates that consumers agree to. To ensure that HUD's new requirement will not create a consumer bias against brokers, the Department did rigorous consumer testing and found the new Good Faith Estimate helped consumers to select the lowest cost loan nine-out-of-10 times, regardless of whether the loan was originated by a lender or a broker.
- Loan originators will be required to provide borrowers their Good Faith Estimate three days after the loan originator's receipt of all necessary information. To facilitate shopping, loan originators could not require verification of GFE information (tax returns etc.) until after the applicant makes the decision to proceed.
- HUD will allow lenders and settlement service providers to correct potential violations of RESPA's new disclosure and tolerance requirements. Lenders and settlement service providers will now have 30 days from the date of closing to correct errors or violations and repay consumers any overcharges.
- The new, standardized GFE and revised HUD-1 will not be required until January 1, 2010
HOPE for Homeowners (H4H) program was created by Congress to
help those at risk of default and foreclosure refinance into
more affordable, sustainable loans. H4H is an additional
mortgage option designed to keep borrowers in their homes.
The program is effective from October 1, 2008 to September 30, 2011.
As many as 400,000 homeowners could avoid foreclosure through this program over the next three years. If you are having trouble making your mortgage payments, HOPE for Homeowners may be able to help you, by refinancing your loan into a new 30-year fixed rate loan with lower payments.
How the Program Works
There are four ways that a distressed homeowner could pursue participation in the HOPE for Homeowners program.
- Homeowners may contact their existing lender and/or a new lender to discuss how to qualify and their eligibility for this program.
- Servicers working with troubled homeowners may determine that the best solution for avoiding foreclosure is to refinance the homeowner into a HOPE for Homeowners loan.
- Originating lenders who are looking for ways to refinance potential customers out from under their high-cost loans and/or who are willing to work with servicers to assist distressed homeowners.
- Counselors who are working with troubled homeowners and their lenders to reach a mutually agreeable solution for avoiding foreclosure.
Step 1: Cost-Benefit Analysis
Given their fiduciary responsibilities and financial obligations, lenders will assess their portfolio and perform a cost-benefit analysis to determine the feasibility of offering this program to struggling homeowners.
- Affordability versus value: lenders will take a loss on the difference between the existing obligations and the new loan, which is set at 90 percent of current appraised value. The lender may choose to provide homeowners with an affordable monthly mortgage payment through a loan modification rather than accepting the losses associated with declining property values.
- Borrower eligibility: Lenders that determine the H4H program is a feasible and effective option for mitigating losses will assess the homeowner’s eligibility for the program:
- The existing mortgage was originated on or before January 1, 2008;
- Existing mortgage payment(s) as of March 1, 2008 exceeds 31 percent of the borrowers gross monthly income;
- The homeowner did not intentionally default, does not have an ownership interest in other residential real estate and has not been convicted of fraud in the last 10 years under Federal and state law; and
- The homeowner did not provide materially false information (e.g., lied about income) to obtain the mortgage that is being refinanced into the H4H mortgage.
The lender will disclose to the homeowner the benefits of the program:
- Home retention,
- New affordable mortgage based on current appraised value,
- 10 percent equity
- 3 percent upfront mortgage insurance premium and a 1.5 percent annual premium,
- Equity and appreciation sharing with the Federal government, and
- Prohibition against new junior liens against the property unless they are directly related to property maintenance.
- If the lender refinancing the loan does not hold the senior mortgage lien, it will need to secure an agreement from the existing lien holder to waive all prepayment penalties and default fees on the existing loan and accept the loan proceeds from the H4H loan as payment in full. The loan amount (including the 3 percent UFMIP) for the new H4H loan cannot exceed 90 percent of the current appraised value of the property.
- The lender will engage existing subordinate mortgage lien holders to extinguish all subordinate liens on the subject property. To entice subordinate lien holders to participate in the negotiation process and release their liens, FHA has the authority to share its future appreciation entitlement with them.
- The lender will qualify the homeowner for the new H4H mortgage using the guidelines established under the terms of the program’s unique statutory requirements, ensuring the homeowner has the capacity to make the new payment on the H4H mortgage in a timely manner.
- During underwriting of the loan, the lender will calculate the future appreciation interest amount for each subordinate lien holder in accordance with instructions provided by FHA.
- At settlement, subordinate lien holders will receive a certificate that evidences their interest as an obligation backed by HUD, with payment conditional on the value of HUD’s appreciation share.
- Following funding of the loan the lender will record – in addition to the typical security instrument and note for the first mortgage – a shared equity note and mortgage (SEM) and a shared appreciation note and mortgage (SAM). These mortgages will be serviced by FHA.
- The lender will also submit the new mortgage for insurance to FHA, certifying that it has been originated, underwritten and closed in accordance with the H4H program guidelines.
Step 4: Fulfilling H4H Mortgage Obligations
- Upon sale of the property, the homeowner will use their sale proceeds to pay off the H4H mortgage as well as the shared equity and shared appreciation mortgages.
- FHA will provide instructions to the settlement agents regarding subordinate lien holders who are entitled to a portion of any appreciation. The lien holder that previously held the highest priority will receive payment up to the full dollar amount of its interest, not to exceed the amount of available appreciation, and so on, until all prior lien holders are satisfied or the amount of available appreciation is exhausted. All remaining appreciation is remitted to FHA.
- In instances where the homeowner failed to make the first payment on their new H4H mortgage, the H4H statute prevents FHA from paying claim benefits to anyone holding the mortgage